Typhoid fever is caused by the bacterium Salmonella typhi. This germ spreads in the body mainly through contaminated food and water and causes various symptoms including fever. Let’s know about the causes, symptoms, treatment, and remedies of typhoid fever.
Typhoid fever is a very common disease in the world. Typhoid fever is caused by the bacterium Salmonella typhi. These germs spread mainly through contaminated food and water. People in densely populated areas are at higher risk of contracting typhoid fever. These bacteria reside in the bloodstream and intestinal tract of a person suffering from typhoid fever, and these bacteria enter the body through the consumption of contaminated food and water, multiply and spread in the bloodstream. As a result, various symptoms including fever occur. Today we will know about the causes, symptoms, treatment, and remedies of typhoid fever.
Treatment typhoid fever:
Doctors treat typhoid fever mainly with antibiotics. Fever may take up to five days to subside even after initiation of specific antibiotics. Typhoid fever can persist for weeks or months if not treated promptly. Besides, the patient may suffer from other complications. Along with the treatment, the patient needs to be given plenty of fluids as chronic fever and diarrhea can lead to dehydration. If dehydration occurs in severe form, liquid nutrition can also be given by intravenous medication. A typhoid patient should have complete rest. If the fever is high, the whole body should be wiped with a wet towel or towel. High-calorie foods should be consumed to restore nutrients lost during illness. Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water after each use of the bathroom. The most important thing is to take antibiotics for as long as the doctor advises.
typhoid fever vaccine
Typhoid is a serious fever. It originates from a bacterium called Salmonella typhi. Typhoid affects more children than adults. The main cause of typhoid is infection or contact with contaminated water and food. Apart from this, problems like loss of appetite, fatigue, weakness, skin rashes start. According to some studies, children’s lives are at risk if they suffer severely from typhoid. Typhoid is spread from person to person. According to worldwide reports, 21 million people fell ill with typhoid and 2 lakh people lost their lives. In order to avoid typhoid problems, medicines and vaccines should be used at the right time after consulting the doctor. Let us tell you about typhoid vaccine in today’s article.
Why is the typhoid vaccine applied?
Children are at greater risk of infection and virus from typhoid than adults. Timely vaccination against typhoid can prevent complications. There are several types of typhoid vaccine available. You should get the required amount of vaccinations for your children.
Dosage of typhoid vaccine?
Typhoid vaccine is given to those most affected by typhoid fever. Apart from this, typhoid vaccine is given in some other situations.
Such as contact with typhoid patients.
Do not visit places where typhoid is at risk.
Must be in the laboratory to research typhoid.
Typhoid vaccine can be given to people of any age. This dose may be given every two years after the first dose of this vaccine.
An oral medicine for typhoid can be given to children over 6 years of age and adults. There are four doses of this medication, all but one of which is taken once a week.
In some cases, depending on the situation, the doctor may recommend the application of typhoid vaccine to children under two years of age.
Who should not be given typhoid vaccine?
In some cases, doctors recommend not getting the typhoid vaccine. Typhoid vaccine should not be given to children or adults if they are suffering from any other disease. Let us explain further.
Typhoid vaccine cannot be given if a person is already very ill.
If the person is more affected than the first dose of typhoid vaccine, the second dose is not given.
Oral typhoid medicine should not be given to children under 6 years of age.
If the typhoid vaccine causes a severe allergic reaction in the body, then this vaccine should not be administered.
If the child is sick before receiving a dose of typhoid vaccine, it can be taken only after recovery.
Those with weakened immunity should be given vaccines instead of typhoid drugs.
Be sure to consult a doctor before giving the typhoid vaccine.
What are the side effects of typhoid vaccine?
Typhoid vaccine does not cause any specific harm and if there are some side effects, they get better within a few days. In some cases, serious side effects may occur after receiving the vaccine. Let us explain further.
Common side effects of the typhoid vaccine include:
Fever in children, adults.
Swelling and pain at the injection site.
Serious cases of typhoid vaccine are rare. However, some people may be allergic to vaccines.
For example, swelling in the throat.
Fast heart rate.
Common side effects of the drug include typhoid.
In some cases, oral medicines for typhoid may also cause other side effects.
For example – stomach ache.
Two typhoid vaccines are approved to prevent infection. But none are approved for two-year-olds. The new vaccine was developed by the World Health Organization’s Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization (SAGE).
Professor Alejandro Cravieto, chairman of SAGE, said, ‘This is the first time I think we have found a very effective vaccine. This vaccination is very important. Because typhoid bacteria have become resistant to antibiotics, the current treatment of the disease has reached the “last line”.
Oxford University conducted clinical trial of this vaccine. Later, a related report was published last month in the medical journal Lancet. In this ‘challenging experiment’, 112 people were vaccinated and then infected with typhoid germs. It shows that the vaccine is 87 percent effective.
Professor Andrew Pollard, who led the trial, told the BBC, ‘This vaccine will have a huge impact on preventing typhoid.