Amoebic Dysentery is an infectious disease caused by the single-celled parasite Entamoeba histolytica, which causes intestinal and extraintestinal infections.
The two species of Entamoeba are morphologically indistinguishable: Entamoeba histolytica is pathogenic, and Entamoeba dispar colonizes the colon harmlessly.
Amoebas stick to and kill colon cells and cause Amoebic Dysentery with blood and mucus in the stool. Amoebas also secrete substances called proteases, which break down the lining of the colon and allow penetration into and out of the intestinal wall. Amoebas can spread through the circulation to the liver and cause liver abscesses. The infection can spread further by spreading directly from the liver or through the bloodstream to the lungs, brain, and other organs.
Amebiasis is present worldwide, although much higher incidence rates are seen in tropical and subtropical regions. Between 5,000 and 10,000 cases are diagnosed each year in the United States, resulting in approximately 20 deaths per year.
Although anyone can get this disease, it is more common in people living in developing countries with poor sanitation. In the US, amebiasis is most common in immigrants from developing countries. It also occurs in people who have traveled to developing countries and in people who live in facilities with poor sanitation. It also often affects active gay men.
The incubation period is highly variable and can range from a few days to several months or even a year.
Presentation features can be gradual, severe, or overwhelming and include:
- Gradual colitis: mild intermittent diarrhea and abdominal discomfort, usually progressing to bloody diarrhea with mucus. Systemic manifestations such as nausea, headache, mild fever, and anorexia are often present.
- Severe acute amoebic dysentery: frequent episodes of semi-liquid stools containing blood, mucus, and trophozoites.
Abdominal signs range from mild soreness to severe abdominal pain with high fever and systemic symptoms. The liver is often sensitive. Between relapses, symptoms decrease to recurrent spasms and loose or loose stools, but emaciation and anemia persist.
What Is The Meaning of Amoebic Dysentry?
An amoebic dysentery is a form of dysentery caused by infection with amoebas, especially Entamoeba histolytica. amoebic Dysentery is a pathogenic condition in which the colon becomes inflamed due to the presence of a pathogen that activates the host’s inflammatory response.
Amoebic Dysentery In Infants
Amebic dysentery in infants continues to be the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Entamoeba histolytica infections are commonly seen in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The disease is more serious in the two extremes of life. A 4-month-old male infant with Entamoeba histolytica initially presented with food refusal, overactive stools, vomiting, and diarrhea. The fecal sample was positive for Entamoeba histolytica by Lugol’s solution and the concentration method. For 5 days the infant was successfully treated with metronidazole. This case shows that Entamoeba species can be pathogenic in infants; therefore, infection awareness, an aggressive approach to diagnosis, and early initiation of treatment continue to be important components of infection control.
Attention is drawn to the possibility of meeting with amoebiasis in infants. These cases require more careful monitoring. Accurate and early diagnosis is essential because appropriate treatment in addition to supportive care can save the lives of these patients.
What To Eat During Amoebic Dysentery
up You must continue to take antibiotics until the amoeba is completely destroyed. You should eat light food – not fatty or rich, but simple things like boiled vegetables (potatoes, zucchini, pumpkin, butternut squash, carrots), grated apples, pears, or mashed bananas, canned fruits with custard (if you can handle it), lean meat or grilled fish, scrambled eggs, toast with jam, sugared oatmeal, black tea, and coffee, keep it very simple and make sure you have enough fluids – ask your doctor for electrolyte solutions – drink them with ice as they are not tasty at room temperature.
If you’re losing too much weight, it might be a good idea to also use a complete meal replacement like Nestlé’s Nutren 10. Also, get plenty of rest and do it very slowly. Once diarrhea stops, you can switch to a high-energy, high-protein diet to replenish all the nutrients you’ve lost.
Home Remedies For Amoebic Dysentery
Here Are 7 Home Remedies for amoebic dysentery.
The fragrant flower buds, clove, are readily available and are an effective home remedy for amoebiasis. The spice has antibacterial, antiseptic and antiparasitic effects.
To stop the growth of parasites inside the colon, chew 1 or 2 cloves a day until symptoms disappear. Remember that the clove bud contains a poisonous substance called eugenol. Therefore, his contribution must be nominal.
- Increase your fluid intake
Amoebiasis causes vomiting and mild or bloody diarrhea, leading to dehydration. Therefore, you need to drink more fluids to restore fluid levels in the body. Water also removes toxins from the body. Drink about 10 glasses of purified water every day. You can also mix ORS or oral rehydration solution, which is sold over the counter in pharmacies. ORS can also be prepared at home. Mix half a spoonful of iodized salt and 4 tablespoons of sugar in 4 glasses after cleaning. Drink the solution at regular intervals throughout the day. You can also consume other healthy drinks such as fruit juices to improve your hydration levels.
Oral consumption of pumpkin can cure adverse health effects including diarrhea and constipation. Pumpkin fruits are high in fiber. And can restore digestive health. Pumpkin seeds fight intestinal parasites that cause amoebiasis.
To treat an intestinal infection, chew 1 teaspoon of pumpkin seeds every morning on an empty stomach until symptoms disappear. You can also consume other pumpkin foods and recipes, including pumpkin soup and roasted pumpkin, to reap the benefits..
Coconut has antimicrobial and antiparasitic effects. It fights parasites that cause amoebiasis. In addition, it improves the immune system. Coconut is also rich in potassium and restores the body’s mineral levels that are depleted due to diarrhea and vomiting. To check and reduce the symptoms of the disease, drink 2 to 3 glasses of coconut water every day. Fluid intake will also prevent diarrhea.
The active ingredient in garlic, allicin, acts as an antiparasitic agent and prevents further spread of Entamoeba Histolytica infection. Eating garlic also boosts the body’s immune system. To treat conditions suggestive of Amoebic Dysentery, eat 3 cloves of raw garlic in the morning on an empty stomach for several weeks. If you prefer to take garlic supplements, check with your doctor before doing so.
Oregano has been a part of traditional medicine for centuries. Oregano oil stops the growth of parasites by damaging their cell membranes and causing lysis of their cell walls.
To treat the symptoms of amoebiasis , mix 3 drops of oregano essential oil and the juice of 1 lemon in 1 cup of pure water. Drink the Correction Drink 3 times a day until you feel sufficient relief.
Turmeric has antiparasitic effects due to its curcumin-like content. It can cure symptoms such as diarrhea and also prevent the growth of unhealthy microorganisms. To overcome the symptoms of amoebiasis, mix 1 spoon of honey with 1 spoon of turmeric juice and drink the mixture. Do the remedy once a day for about 2 weeks. Alternatively, you can mix 1 scoop of turmeric juice and 1 pinch of salt in 1 cup of water. Drink the mixture in the morning on an empty stomach for 10-12 days.
Amoebic Dysentery Homeopathic Treatment
homeopathy not only helps to treat an acute infection but also helps to prevent its transition to a chronic form.
- Aloe Socotrina – in the presence of mucus in the stool
excess mucus in the stool. Stool loose, watery, with excess mucus. There is a constant feeling of pressure in the stool. There is an urge to defecate, especially after eating or drinking. After the evacuation of the stool, excessive flatulence is observed. Sometimes there is an involuntary stool. Burning in the rectum and anus is also present in most cases.
- Merc Sol – when there is blood and mucus in the stool (dysentery)
Merc Sol is a natural remedy for amoebiasis when the stool contains too much blood and mucus. The stool has a watery, greenish, and sour smell. There are cutting or cramping pains in the abdomen with dysentery. Extreme weakness accompanies the stomach symptoms. The person may also be cold. In most cases, the symptoms worsen in the evening.
- Colchicum Autumnale – when white particles pass in the stool
stools with an excess of white, ragged particles. The stool is green or yellow, with a sour smell. There is ineffective pressure in the rectum, bloating, fatigue, and coldness of the body. In some cases, there may be tearing and burning pains in the anus.
- Colocynthis – in violent abdominal cramps in amoebiasis.
Colocynthis is an effective homeopathic remedy for amoebiasis when a person has severe abdominal cramps. The cramps are slightly relieved by bending over or pressing hard on the abdomen. A light drink or food makes the cramp pain worse. In addition to spasms, there may be colic or cutting pains in the abdomen. Stool greenish-yellowish, frothy, streaked with blood.
Ipecac is a natural homeopathic remedy for amoebiasis when there is persistent nausea with other stomach symptoms. The patient’s stools contain lumps of mucus, blood and have a very rotten smell. Pain in the abdomen is noted around the navel and may be pulling, cutting or cramping.
- Nux Vomica in amoebiasis with great tenesmus.
when a person has a persistent and ineffective urge to defecate (tenesmus). When visiting the toilet, the stool comes out in small portions. There may be blood streaks in the stool. The urge to defecate quickly resumes, there is always a feeling of dissatisfaction. A person may also have abdominal pain that is temporarily relieved with a bowel movement. Often there is a sharp pain in the rectum after a bowel movement.